A new released by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Abuja has rated South-East as the most human security secure geo-political zone in Nigeria.
The The Human Development Report (HDR) under the theme “Human Security and Human Development” makes a compelling case that unchecked poverty; persistent hunger; uncontrolled diseases; lack of access to basic services; disregard for human rights; sub-optimal response to natural and man-made disasters; unregulated natural resources exploitation and use – among others, pose serious threats to human development today.
The report further highlights the existing gap in human security across the geo-political zones of the country; while the North-West and the North-East geopolitical zones are the least human security secured, with residents of the Federal Capital Territory being the worst in most realms of the Human Security Index.
The North-East region of the country has been the most affected by the more than 5 year-long military insurgency. It also remains among the least developed parts of the country.
An estimated 61.3 percent of Nigerians are classified as poor with 48.8 percent of them classified as dimensionally poor, so says The report also said that despite a robust economic growth of about seven percent between 2010 and 2014, a large proportion of Nigerians still live in poverty and exposed to various vulnerabilities.
Among the recommendations made by the report include addressing social security through the establishment and support to institutions and initiatives that help individuals with low levels of human security; including the access of the lowest-income groups to food and of low-income groups to various forms of social security.
On her part, the UNDP Nigeria Resident Representative, Fatma Samoura, said that: “Insecurity remains an ever-present threat to peace and development of the country … and, without a doubt, poses great danger and exacerbates an already fragile economic development landscape as the country grapples with the reality of shifting from over-reliance on oil and gas sector to other sectors,” She noted that the report highlights the link between human security and human development with a proposition that there can be no human development without human security and that, perhaps, insecurity in the country, as in many parts of the region, is a mirror image of the persistent development deficit.
“We consider the report a timely intervention that should stimulate the robust application of human security framework in the human development approach at national, state and local levels” said Samoura.
Meanwhile, the Federal Government said it has set aside the sum of N12 billion in this year’s budget to develop the north eastern part of the country devastated by the activities of Boko Haram.
Minister of Budget and National Planning, Senator Udoma Udo Udoma who dropped the hint at the launch the 2016 National Human Development Report, commended UNDP for the effort in putting together detailed findings of the human development indices for Nigeria.
He noted, with great satisfaction, that the report adopted a broader and more holistic view of the issue of human security and its linkage to human development. “From the report, it is clear that human security in Nigeria is mainly constrained by threats of economic access, high unemployment rates, and low perception of job security.” Senator Udoma Udo Udoma stated.
The Minister further noted that the findings contained in the report “lay a strong foundation for not only addressing poverty, reducing unemployment and inequalities, but also rebuilding communities and regions that have been adversely affected by insecurity.”
He further announced that as part of the measures government is taking to improve the quality of life of Nigerians, N500bn has been allocated as Victims Support Fund and Special Intervention Fund.